The bones inside the human body often require active mechanical stimulation from the outside to be able to maintain their functions, and also to form new tissues. Sadly, not many therapies include mechanical stimuli in their treatment programs for the healing and regeneration of bones. One of the current therapeutic measures, which provides such dynamic mechanical stimuli for improved bone health is stem cell therapy for knee osteoarthritis. The pioneering field of stem cell therapy mainly aims at creating novel treatments for disorders that have limited or no treatment at all.
Stem cell research has been taking science and medicine to previously unknown vistas, one of which is the use of stem cells for knee pain and knee osteoarthritis. In fact, recent advances in stem cell and PRP or platelet rich plasma injections have led to better and improved measures for the treatment of bone damage in osteoarthritis and other bone diseases. Interestingly, stem cell therapy has the ability to replace or restore the functions of various tissues, cells, and bones to encourage normalcy in the various functions of one’s body. No wonder, stem cell therapy is proving to be extremely useful in the treatment of previously incurable bone diseases such as knee osteoarthritis.
Stem cell therapy for bone regeneration:
The mechanical stimuli in this therapy are delivered through magnetic nanoparticles. These nanoparticles are attached to the human mesenchymal stem cells before being injected into the bone to bring about regeneration. The stem cells are likely to increase the bone mineralization by almost 2.4 folds and increase the matrix density inside the bones too. These cells are also known to work positively in repairing and regenerating tissues of the bones, cartilage, muscles, and tendons alike. This ability of the stem cells to maximize bone formation is the major reason for their successful integration into orthopedic therapeutic measures.
How does stem cell therapy help knee osteoarthritis?
Although, knee pain often appears ordinary and inconsequential on the outside, the actual story within the knee joint is usually quite the opposite. Knee osteoarthritis typically results from degenerative changes to the bones within the knee joint.
These degenerative changes are likely to damage and weaken the bones, resulting in inflammatory changes in the tissues around them. Usually, the outcome of these changes is a weak and painful knee joint. Hence, knee pain is best taken care of as soon as possible. Unfortunately, the therapies currently in place for knee osteoarthritis and knee pain aren’t very effective in providing a cure for these disorders. At the most, the patient is likely to gain a small amount of relief from knee pain with painkillers and anti-inflammatory medicines. However, stem cell therapy and PRP injections have the capability to enable tissue regeneration in the knee joint and reverse the degenerative changes to provide pain relief and cure for knee osteoarthritis.
Thus, stem cell research isn’t confined only to the laboratories anymore but it’s now entering the medical and therapeutic field to enhance certain areas of treatment for the benefit of longtime sufferers and patients.